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2 edition of Individual recognition in mice as a function of olfactory cues found in the catalog.

Individual recognition in mice as a function of olfactory cues

J. Michael Bowers

Individual recognition in mice as a function of olfactory cues

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Published .
Written in English

  • Mice,
  • Smell

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby J. Michael Bowers
    The Physical Object
    Pagination49 leaves :
    Number of Pages49
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14976065M

      Slow angled-descent forepaw grasping (SLAG) SLAG was performed in the following manner (Figure 1): A low-heat work lamp was positioned to illuminate a clean, wire-bar stainless steel cage lid, one edge of which had been set at an upward mouse was suspended by the tail approximately 15–30 cm above the lid, such that the mouse’s ventral aspect and the raised edge of Cited by: 7. Start studying Comm 5 & 6. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. It has previously been established that, in threatening situations, animals use alarm pheromones to communicate danger. There is emerging evidence of analogous chemosensory “stress” cues in humans. For this study, we collected alarm and exercise sweat from “donors,” extracted it, pooled it and presented it to 16 unrelated “detector” subjects undergoing fMRI. The fMRI protocol. The field of olfactory research and chemical communication is in the early stages of revolutionary change, and many aspects of this revolution are reflected in the chapters in this book. Thus, it should serve admirably as an up-to-date reference. First, a wide range of vertebrate groups and species.

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Individual recognition in mice as a function of olfactory cues by J. Michael Bowers Download PDF EPUB FB2

Mice: individual recognition by olfactory cues. Bowers JM, Alexander BK. Mice discriminated between two male mice of the same inbred strain on the basis of olfactory cues. Mice could also discriminate by olfactory cues between two different species, C3H Mus musculus and Peromyscus maniculatus, and between males and females.

PMID: Cited Individual recognition in mice as a function of olfactory cues book Mice mainly use olfactory cues to discriminate individuals. 1,75–84 Odor cues influence a wide range of social activities in mice, including kin recognition, bond information, mate recognition and selection, sexual maturation, inbreeding avoidance, and juvenile dispersal.

1,79,80,85–88 The ability to differentiate familiar and unfamiliar. Since rodents rely on olfactory cues to distinguish individuals, social recognition in rodents can be assessed by determining the amount of time an animal spends investigating a familiar individual upon subsequent exposures, or the relative amount of time an individual investigates a novel compared to a familiar individual.

This social. For all olfactory recognition processes cues need to be produced by emitters and perceived by recei-vers. The scent cues can either be produced endo-histocompatibility complex proteins (MHC) Individual recognition in mice as a function of olfactory cues book ma-jor urinary proteins (MUP) in mice (Penn and PottsBrennan ), or acquired from the environ-ment, such as odorants which animals were exposed.

In mammals, olfactory cues play a major role in individual recognition and urine is one source of potentially individual-specific olfactory cues. Whereas the main olfactory system seems to play a central role in mate recognition in both male and female mice, clear sex differences emerge with regard to which olfactory system plays a more.

Kin recognition, also called kin detection, is an organism's ability to distinguish between close genetic kin and evolutionary biology and psychology, such an ability is presumed to have evolved for inbreeding avoidance.

An additional adaptive function sometimes posited for kin recognition is a role in kin is debate over this, since in strict theoretical terms kin. Many species rely on olfactory signals for communication (recently reviewed in) and recognition [10,11], and some species including hamsters require physical contact (and possibly visual information) to integrate multiple scents.

However, the role of scents in multisensory individual recognition is not completely by:   Immune-olfaction links are suggested by the role of olfaction in detecting disease-related cues, by olfactory-related stressors, by the need to detect the health and HLA status of prospective mates, by the finding in humans and animals that odors and taste can selectively serve as cues to modulate various aspects of immune function, and that Cited by: Multiple definitions of individual recognition have been proposed that differ slightly in their specificity and complexity.

The most common definition of individual recognition proposes that receivers discriminate a signaler from others based on the signaler’s unique characteristics and associate the unique characteristics with individual-specific information about the signaler (Tibbetts and.

MARIA DEMATTÈ, ROBERT ÖSTERBAUER AND CHARLES SPENCE'S EXPERIMENT ON OLFACTORY CUES AND FACIAL ATTRACTIVENESS () Introduction Sometimes you meet a person and something Individual recognition in mice as a function of olfactory cues book them really attracts you.

Maybe it's their voice, their facial symmetry (cause that's what everyone's looking for in a partner), or maybe it's their laugh. There are a lot of factors. Major urinary proteins (Mups), also known as α 2 u-globulins, are a subfamily of proteins found in abundance in the urine and other secretions of many animals.

Mups provide a small range of identifying information about the donor animal, when detected by the vomeronasal organ of the receiving animal. They belong to a larger family of proteins known as lipocalins. To Individual recognition in mice as a function of olfactory cues book this hypothesis, Hfe-knockout (Hfe−/−) and wild-type (Hfe+/+) mice mice were intranasally-instilled with manganese chloride (MnCl2 5 mg/kg) or water daily for 3 weeks and examined for memory function.

Olfactory Mn diminished both short-term recognition and spatial memory in Hfe+/+ mice, as examined by novel object recognition task. Olfactory stimuli as context cues in human memory ARNIE CANN and DEBRA A.

ROSS University of North Carolina at Charlotte Olfactory stimuli were used as context cues in a recognition memory par- adigm. Male college students were exposed to 50 slides of the faces of college females while in the presence of a pleasant or an unpleasant Size: 1MB.

This effect between stranger rats depended on olfactory cues as illustrated in Fig. 5B which shows a significant positive association between yawning rate difference and defecation rate difference in K and S rats (r =t 8 =p =n = 10).

This association means that if K and S rats were given a choice between yawning in Author: A. Moyaho, A. Flores Urbina, E. Monjaraz Guzmán, O. Walusinski. Wild mice identify each other through individually unique urinary odour cues that are determined, at least in part, by genetic differences (Eggert et al., ).

By depositing these unique odour cues as scent marks, mice provide signals of their presence and social status (see Hurst et. al., this volume).Cited by: 2.

1.) Highest mean rating of attractiveness: fragrance (); slightly better than air () 2.) Lowest mean rating: body odor () 3.) Pleasant vs. Unpleasant: male faces were rates as significantly less attractive with unpleasant odor than with pleasant odor.

Such a reduction in olfactory function affects quality of life and enhances likelihood of depressive symptoms. Furthermore, it has been shown that reduction in olfactory function is associated with cognitive impairment and several diseases such as Major Depression or neurodegenerative disorders like Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease.

CD/-mice do not show deficits in olfactory-guided foraging or habituation to non-social stimuli, indicating that genetic knockout of this gene does not impair olfactory function per se. CD38 is implicated in the release of the neuropeptide oxytocin (OT; (Table 1) from hypothalamic neurons [].Author: Tasmin L.

Rymer, Tasmin L. Rymer. Olfactory cues are known to be used in zebra finches to avoid related individuals when choosing a mating partner and, consequently, if we assume bacteria to play a role in recognition, then individuals might be distinguished and chosen by their unique bacteria-derived odour by: 5.

The editors and contributors to this volume should be justifiably proud of their participation in the tenth triennial meeting of the Chemical Signals in Vertebrates International Symposium.

This meeting was held 27 years after the initial gathering of participants in Saratoga Springs, New York from June 6* to 9*, Subsequent meetings have been held every three years in Syracuse, New York. Entorhinal cortex transfers multimodal information to hippocampus CA1 neurons via indirect and direct pathways.

The authors show that excitatory projections from lateral entorhinal cortex Cited by: remove olfactory cues between test’s pahses.

Objects - In the majority of studies analyzed, objects to be discriminated were made of odorless and easy to clean materials and there is a particular attention in changing them with identical copies when starting the choice phase, so that they could not readily be distinguished by olfactory cues.

The CA2 region of the hippocampus is a somewhat obscure area lacking in an understanding of its form and function. Until recently, the CA2 has been thought of as merely an extension of the CA3, with some referring to it as the CA3a region.

Recent investigations into this area have not only delineated the CA2, but also defined it as a region distinct from both CA1 and CA3, with a unique set of Author: Nikolaos Tzakis, Matthew R. Holahan. Murphy C, Nordin S, Acosta L () Odor learning, recall, and recognition memory in young and elderly adults.

Neuropsychol – [13] Nordin S, Murphy C () Impaired sensory and cognitive olfactory function in questionable Cited by: A direct main olfactory bulb projection to the ‘vomeronasal’ amygdala in female mice selectively responds to volatile pheromones from males.

European Journal of Neuroscience, 29, – Kavaliers, M. and Choleris, E. ().Cited by: 4. The object recognition test is now among the most commonly used behavioral tests for mice. A mouse is presented with two similar objects during the first session, and then one of Cited by: Get this from a library.

Chemical Signals in Vertebrates [Robert T Mason; Dietland M©ơller-Schwarze; Michael P LeMaster] -- The editors and contributors to this volume should be justifiably proud of their participation in the tenth triennial meeting of the Chemical Signals in Vertebrates International Symposium.

This. COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.

Mice lead complex social lives. During the course of a day, they may come across other members of their own species—male or female—or any number of predators. Each encounter requires a specific behavioral response. Unlike humans, mice don’t perform these daily discriminations visually.

Instead, they depend on chemical cues in the form of scents and other odors, such as. Brain Function Changes Underlie Motherly Behavior “In mice, olfactory and auditory cues play a major role in the communication between a mother and her pups. Author: Tudor Vieru. Future research on structural and functional abnormalities of the hippocampus and its surrounding regions will be critical for understanding novelty recognition deficits in 16p deletion mice.

Social recognition in mice involves neural substrates including the main and accessory olfactory systems, medial and central amygdala, bed nucleus of Cited by: 2-Object Novel Object Recognition.

The Novel Object Recognition (NOR) task is used to evaluate cognition, particularly recognition memory, in rodent models of CNS disorders. This test is based on the spontaneous tendency of rodents to spend more time exploring a novel object than a familiar one.

Assortative Mating on Ideology Could Operate Through Olfactory Cues Rose McDermott Brown University Dustin Tingley Harvard University Peter K. Hatemi Pennsylvania State University Mates appear to assort on political attitudes more than any other social, behavioral, or physical trait, besides religion.

lie olfactory cue effects (i.e., mood, hedonic transfer of scent pleasantness, and cognitions). Mediators: Why Odors May Influence Attitudes More than 60 years ago, Laird () found evi-dence that olfactory cues could affect consumer judg-ments.

His investigation showed that women's judg-ments about hosiery quality were influenced signifi. Together, these results add an additional aspect beyond intensity coding where the nature of the sniff strongly modulates, and is part of, the olfactory percept. The above findings suggest that particular airflow velocities will optimize perception for particular by: More information: Manfred Milinski, Ilona Croy, Thomas Hummel and Thomas Boehm, Major histocompatibility complex peptide ligands as olfactory cues in human body odour assessment, Proceedings of.

Harris, W. Edwin and Moore, Patricia J. Female Mate Preference and Sexual Conflict: Females Prefer Males That Have Had Fewer Consorts.

The American Naturalist Cited by: Vol. 60 (April ), Olfactory Cues / ly as an environmental cue that they compare with scent preferences to influence emotional responses and ultimately shopping behaviors.

Both of these models are congruent with general models of environmental effects (e.g., Mehra-Cited by: In mammals, the accessory olfactory system is a distinct circuit that has received attention for its role in detecting and responding to pheromones.

While the neuroscientific investigation of this system is comparatively new, recent advances and its compact size have made it an attractive model for developing an end-to-end understanding of such questions as regulation of essential behaviors Cited by: 7.

They may contribute to an existing pdf of salivary compounds that pdf recognized as individual cues by which the mice immediately recognize sex and/or an individual’s health. In addition, major olfactory epithelia rather than VNO are directly exposed to pathogens entering the body, which is presumably why the variation between individuals is Cited by: 6.BackgroundPathogenic aneuploidies involve the concept of dosage-sensitive genes leading to over- and underexpression phenotypes.

Monosomy 21 in human leads to mental retardation and skeletal, immune and respiratory function disturbances. Most of the human condition corresponds to partial monosomies suggesting that critical haploinsufficient genes may be responsible for the phenotypes.Morphologically, the organization of the olfactory system is relatively ebook, even in mammals.

There is no decussation in the olfactory system (each nasal epithelium projects to the homolateral forebrain) and olfactory bulb projections terminate, without an intervening thalamic .